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IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIA

05 October, 2020

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a bleeding disorder that occurs when the immune system destroys platelets which are necessary for normal blood clotting.This happens when certain immune system cells produce antibodies against platelets and the body destroys the platelets that carry these antibodies. What this means is that people with ITP disease have a few platelets in the blood.
          ITP affects children more than adults,this disease sometimes follows a viral infection such as the mumps or the flu and affects both boys and girls equally. In adults, it may be triggered by infections like HIV, hepatitis or Helicobacter pylori which is the type of bacteria that causes stomach ulcers.It is a chronic disease which can occur after a viral infection, during pregnancy, or as part of an immune disorder.
ITP symptoms includes the following:

  • Excessive or easy bruising
  • Nose & gum bleeding
  • Abnormally heavy periods in women
  • Blood in urine or stools
  • Superficial bleeding into skin that appears as pinpoint-sized reddish-purple spots that look like a rash, usually on the lower leg.
Telemedicine in Nigeria has advanced to a point where certain web based platforms like Wazima Health has made Online doctor consultation in Nigeria possible thereby improving self care health including for patients with ITP. Some children might not need treatment because the disease might go away on its own while for some they might require continuous treatment. Adults are treated with a steroid medicine called prednisone or dexamethasone but in some cases they are advised to have a splenectomy to remove the spleen. However, other drug treatments are usually first recommended instead.

In cases where the disease does not get better with prednisone, other treatments may include:

  • Infusions of high-dose gamma globulin
  • Drugs that suppress the immune sysytem
  • Anti-RhD therapy for people with certain blood types
  • Drugs that stimulate the bone marrow to make more platelets
People with ITP should not take aspirin, ibuprofen, or warfarin, because these drugs interfere with platelet function or blood clotting, and bleeding may occur.

The most common complication of ITP is sudden and severe loss of blood from the digestive tract or bleeding into the brain. For pregnant women whose platelet counts are very low or experience excessive  bleeding, they are at a greater risk of  experiencing heavy bleeding during delivery. Contact your doctor for treatment to maintain a stable platelet count, taking into account the effects on your baby. You can click on this link to register and book for a consultation now Wazima Health if any of these symptoms ring true.

To control the risk of excessive bleeding in children with ITP, it is important to :

  • Ensure your kids do not engage in certain sports activities such as football, hockey or any sports activities that involves collisison.
  • Ensure you book for a consultation with a doctor if your chlld experiences heavier than normal monthly flows.For cases like this, treatments can help control periods to avoid severe bleeding.
  • Ensure all prescriptions are gotten from your child's doctor or a qualified doctor.
  • Look out for signs of bruising, bleeding under the skin surfaces and changes on your child's skin and other parts of the body.
  • Get specific recommendations from a doctor based on your Child's particular situation.
Seek immediate help if you or your child experiences bleeding that can't be controlled by the usual first-aid techniques.You can book for an online doctor consultation in Nigeria via the Wazima Health platform if you experience warning symptoms.

Comments (6)

 
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Loveth Kelvin

The is helpful and educative .. thank you for sharing .. thank you Ohjay for sharing this page ...I am stuck !! Knowing things I didn’t even know before !! . Love and light from @simply_amazing11

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Stella Ezinma

This is the first time I’m getting to know about ITP. This is an informative piece. I learnt from it. Thank you!

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Eromon Blaise

. Learnt something new today about ITP. Thanks for sharing

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Olashubomi Ajibola

Thank you for sharing this very useful information, I learnt a lot from it and I am going to share this information with other people.

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Jennifer Temitope

This really made my day. Woah I just got educated free of charge, thank you so so much. God bless you Ohjay

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Binta Akanni

Very Informative


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