Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a bleeding disorder that occurs when the immune system destroys platelets which are necessary for normal blood clotting.This happens when certain immune system cells produce antibodies against platelets and the body destroys the platelets that carry these antibodies. What this means is that people with ITP disease have a few platelets in the blood.
ITP affects children more than adults,this disease sometimes follows a viral infection such as the mumps or the flu and affects both boys and girls equally. In adults, it may be triggered by infections like HIV, hepatitis or Helicobacter pylori which is the type of bacteria that causes stomach ulcers.It is a chronic disease which can occur after a viral infection, during pregnancy, or as part of an immune disorder.
ITP symptoms includes the following:
In cases where the disease does not get better with prednisone, other treatments may include:
The most common complication of ITP is sudden and severe loss of blood from the digestive tract or bleeding into the brain. For pregnant women whose platelet counts are very low or experience excessive bleeding, they are at a greater risk of experiencing heavy bleeding during delivery. Contact your doctor for treatment to maintain a stable platelet count, taking into account the effects on your baby. You can click on this link to register and book for a consultation now Wazima Health if any of these symptoms ring true.
To control the risk of excessive bleeding in children with ITP, it is important to :
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