Acne is a common skin condition that occurs when the skin pores become clogged with hair, dead skin cells, or sebum (an oily substance). These obstructions are responsible for the appearance of acne, mainly on the face (forehead, cheeks, nose, chin), chest, shoulders, and upper back. This is known to be a symptom experienced primarily by teens and a small proportion of young adults. You are more prone to acne between the ages of 11 – 30.

Why is acne prevalent in teenagers ?

A key contributing factor to teenage acne is the androgen hormone, more specifically testosterone, which is in its developmental stages and tends to peak throughout puberty.

How badly does acne affect the face ?

Most people are more worried about the aftermath of acne on their face than any other part of the body and understandably so. Being the first thing people see, our self-worth is sometimes closely tied to the appearance of our faces. Scars and hyperpigmentation are some of the decried aftermaths of acne.  It is advised to avoid popping the pimples as soon as they appear to limit the chances of this post-acne. This increases the risk of scars and hyperpigmentation in the form of blackspots.

Can acne be diagnosed?

Healthcare professionals can diagnose the nature of your acne during a consultation. Common questions you should expect are:

  1. What are your stress levels like?
  2. What is your family history with acne?
  3. What is your current skin care regiment?
  4. Females may be asked about their menstrual cycles in some cases.

How is acne treated?

Acne cannot be ‘cured’ however, it can be successfully treated. Factors such as diet, age, stress levels, acne severity, and type of acne play a role in the treatment methods recommended by your healthcare specialist. You may also be asked to adjust your diet and incorporate or limit certain foods.

Some treatment options offer positive outcomes as they focus on the underlying factors that contribute to acne. Your healthcare specialist can help by informing you of the available options.

Remember that if you are a teen, you should speak to your parent or guardian about the acne as they could help ensure you get in touch with the appropriate healthcare specialists.

Never purchase medications, injections, cosmetological products, or undergo procedures performed by unlicensed professionals. These serve to aggravate your acne and increase your overall health risk.

Can acne be prevented?

Currently there isn’t a proven way to completely eradicate or prevent acne but there are some methods that could help reduce its effects. Some include:

  1. Wash your face daily with warm water and a suitable facial cleanser ( A dermatologically prescribed facial cleanser and body wash is advised).
  2. Use a moisturizer suitable to your skin type.
  3. Avoid unnecessary contact between your hands and face.

You can find a dermatologist or general practitioner on Wazima, simply register for a free account and explore our huge database of healthcare professionals.

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